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The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river.The name of this first village was "Matrice" (a reference to the river that crossed the settlement).After the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Madrid was integrated in the Taifa of Toledo.
The city was thriving and was given the title of Villa, whose administrative district extended from the Jarama in the east to the river Guadarrama in the west.) comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, and means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic.A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins.Its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid; the Royal Theatre with its restored 1850 Opera House; the Buen Retiro Park, founded in 1631; the 19th-century National Library building (founded in 1712) containing some of Spain's historical archives; a large number of national museums, and the Golden Triangle of Art, located along the Paseo del Prado and comprising three art museums: Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía Museum, a museum of modern art, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, which completes the shortcomings of the other two museums.) was retained in Medieval Spanish.The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" (for *Materit or *Mageterit?